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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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FOOD SYSTEM OF THE AINU: THE PAST AND THE PRESENT
Osipova M.V.



         Marina Viktorovna Osipova – Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor, Senior Research Officer of the Scientific Research Department of Ethnography at Grodekov's Regional Museum of Ethnography.

E-mail: ainu07@mail.ru


Annotation

The knowledge of cuisine preferences and food traditions and influences of specific ethnic groups in this domain forms the integral part of any given culture. The Ainu of Hokkaido together with the Kuril and Sakhalin ethnic groups were subjected to the process of acculturation on the part of the predominant Japanese population. It resulted in the change of their economic and cultural type – from appropriating to that of the agricultural. This, in its turn, caused the replacement of the Ainu food traditions by the Japanese food system. The tendency of the prevalence of Japanese food traditions among the population of Hokkaido persisted until the 2000s. However, in the 21st century the process of mutual enrichment of the Japanese and the Ainu food traditions has been initiated.

        Key words: the Ainu, food, eating culture, food sources, religious beliefs and rituals, modern food manners.


 
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