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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFYING A NATIONAL CULTURE
Artashkina T.A., Hu Yanli



         Tamara Andreevna Artashkina Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Culture and Art Studies, School of Arts, Culture and Sports at Far Eastern Federal University.

E-mail: tam.artand@gmail.com

         Hu Yanli Postgraduate student of the Department of Culture and Art Studies, School of Arts, Culture and Sports at Far Eastern Federal University.

E-mail: huyanlimasha@yandex.ru


Annotation

The authors argue that Russian literature used to have a number of characteristics that allowed one to identify Russian national culture in the changing socio-political conditions. A special role among these characteristics belonged to the social functions that guaranteed prompt access to the hearts and minds of readers. But in the 1990s this feature of Russian literature almost disappeared, and the concept of Russian writer fundamentally changed. The authors see the origin and causes of this phenomenon in the active flow of contemporary socio-cultural process of globalization, which hit Russian culture after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Modern global processes have found reflection in modern Russian literature, embodying specific literary forms of socio-cultural types of contemporary culture. Such socio-cultural types are mass culture, the culture of consumption, traditional culture and every-day culture. The authors have defined special clusters of concepts, which represent the problem of identifying a national culture in contemporary discourse.

        Key words: Russian literature, the social function of Russian literature, the psychology of Russian literature, the formation of the new man, national culture, folk culture, traditional culture, socio-cultural types.


 
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