POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION WORKERS
IN THE ACTIVITIES OF CPSU(B) IN THE SOVIET FAR EAST (1920–1950)
Elena Nikolaevna Gnatovskaya – Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor, Dean of Institute for the Humanities at Primorsky State Agricultural Academy (Ussuriysk).
The article discusses routine activities of the CPSU party organizations which were operating on the Far Eastern railroad. The ways of transmission and assimilation of the political objectives of CPSU in the internal structure of personality are revealed, alongside those within a particular enterprise and social structure; the instances when the workers identified themselves with the ruling party are described. The author considers variations in the size and structure of the party organizations functioning on the railway, as well as means and tools of manipulation imposed by the Communist party, aimed to fortify Stalinism as a political system. The author concludes that within the totalitarian regime in question, mobilization qua type of political participation came to dominance; the latter can be viewed as quasi-participation.
the Party, purges, Stalinism, railway transport, Far East.