Elena Michailovna Ivanova – Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor of Labour and Engineering Psychology Department at Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The article is devoted to the problem of life crises of personality and individual strategies of their overcoming. The author presents a theoretical assumption that cognitive orientation can be seen as a spiritual basis and a potential resource for overcoming difficult life situations. On the example of autobiographical and biographical descriptions of life activity of famous scientists and artists one can see that cognitive orientation is not only a means of overcoming crises of personality, but that it also demonstrates the attitude of a person to the world, to him/herself and to others.
personality, attitude, cognitive orientation, crisis situations, individual strategies of coping, spiritual basis, potential resource, life activity.