THE PROBLEM OF HUNGER IN THE FAR EASTERN SETTLEMENTS
IN 1922–1925 AND TAX POLICIES OF THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT
Svetlana Mikhailovna Stasyukevich is Candidate of Science (History), Professor, Far East State Agrarian University (Blagoveshchensk).
The article examines the tax policy of the Soviet government regulating the Far Eastern settlements in 1922-1925. The author outlines the attitude of peasantry to the tax policies implemented and causes behind peasants’ rebellion in the Amur province in the winter of 1924. It has been established that the major reason for the active protest of the Amur peasants against the tax policy in question was the crop failure of 1923, which resulted in the acute threat of famine for the peasantry. The peasants' attitude to taxes is characterized as economically rational.
new economic policy, tax policy, Soviet authorities, peasantry, the Far East.