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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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SOVIET STATE AND ORGANIZATION OF UPBRINGING AND EDUCATION OF INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF THE FAR EAST IN THE 1960S AND THE FIRST HALF OF THE 1980S
A.V. Akhmetova, S.V. Bobyshev



         Anna Valinurovna Akhmetova is Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor, Komsomolsk-na-Amure State Technical University, Head of Research Centre for Socio-Economic and Humanitarian Projects.

E-mail: wyrds@rambler.ru

         Sergey Vasilievich Bobyshev is Doctor of Science (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Far Eastern State Transportation University.

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Annotation

The article deals with the development of educational system of indigenous population of the Far East. Social and psychological sphere of indigenous population of the Far East was greatly influenced by the boarding school educational system, as it contributed to the destruction of traditional way of life of national population. The boarding school educational system had a bad impact on social and cultural situation in the North. Changes in education and culture entailed final liquidation of illiteracy among the young and middle-aged generations of the aborigines. The development of school and infant school network within the framework of boarding school system resulted in the rise of educational level among the national population, the increase of the number of specialists with higher and secondary trade education. However, it had a bad impact on the young generation's attitude towards native language and other national peculiarities, i.e. it made one more step in the direction of russianization of the indigenous peoples.

        Key words: indigenous population, The Far East, boarding school, culture, russianization, education, upbringing.


 
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