THE FORMATION OF THE LINGUISTIC PICTURE OF THE WORLD
AND ITS CHARACTER ACCORDING TO W. VON HUMBOLDT’S PHILOSOPHY
Lidia Petrovna Lobanova is Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Head of Foreign Languages Department, Faculty of History, M. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow).
W. von Humboldt’s philosophy of language indicates a change of paradigms in the understanding of the relations between mind and language, objects and concepts. Considering language as the condition of thought or concept possibility and, therefore, as a condition for the possibility of mental objects, Humboldt concludes that the picture of the world is conditioned by language. Since objective perception is inevitably tinged with subjectivity and since this subjectivity also affects language, «a characteristic picture of the world sits in every language». The individual perception of the world by every nation and its language as an expression of the national character can also be defined as the spirit of a nation.
philosophy of language, cognitive linguistics, worldview, linguistic picture of the world, concept, spirit of a nation.