Anatoly Mikhailovich Shkurkin is Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Department of Philosophy, Sociology and Law at Far Eastern State Transportation University, Leading Researcher of the Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The article presents the historical and philosophical analysis of the views of ancient philosophers regarding the role of labour in self-development of man and society. Conceptual approaches developed in antiquity, which provided the theoretical basis for all subsequent transformations of subject-object relations in the Western civilization, were identified. Main philosophical models and postulates of Plato and Aristotle concerning their understanding of the human activity and ethics of labour were studied.
labour, development, nature, people, thinking, self-organization, society, antiquity, differentiation, theory, work ethics, professional differentiation.