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PECULIARITIES AND CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN ENTREPRENEURS IN MANCHURIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF POLITICAL INSTABILITY AND SHIFTING REGIMES (1917-1945)
Mamaeva T. G.



        Tatiana Gennadyevna Mamaeva is Lecturer of the Department of Philosophy at Far Eastern State Medical University.

klio27@mail.ru


Annotation

The article examines the position of Russian businesses in Manchuria in the context of political instability and changing political regimes (1917-1945). Major changes in life of the Russian colony in Manchuria were caused by the revolutionary events of 1917, which took place in Russia. This could not but affect the life and activity of Russian businessmen operating in North-Eastern China since they were oppressed by various public and political unions.

In September 1920, in accordance with the decree of the President of the Republic of China he legal status of Russians has fundamentally changed: they lost the right of extraterritoriality.

The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931 and creation of "the puppet state" had ambiguous consequences for the activities of Russian entrepreneurship.

With the beginning of and during the war waged by Japan in Asia, working conditions deteriorated significantly. The defeat of the country and the coming of the Soviet Army to Manchuria put an end to the Russian emigration and, respectively, the Russian business in northeast China.

        Key words: Manchuria, Harbin, the February revolution, the October revolution, Harbin Exchange Committee.


 

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