Boris Evgenyevich Dynkin is Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Rector of Far Eastern State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).
Tatyana Nikolaevna Soboleva is Candidate of Science (Psychology), Associate Professor of Psychology Department at Far Eastern State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).
The paper discusses the problem of professional psychological training of railway vehicle operators. Two training areas are offered: the first is mastering control actions by simulator training, and the second is refreshment and strengthening of psychophysiological qualities of railway vehicle operator using the method of a stabilographic simulator with biofeedback. The rationality and effectiveness of the methods used will be achieved, taking into account the individual characteristics of operators at different stages of their professionalization. The research results have shown that simulator training of locomotive drivers, relevant to their professionalization stage, is an essential element in the system of professional training and allows developing automatic control actions, i.e. control skills.
For all the shortcomings of the simulator, especially the lack of the train reality, its main advantage is the capacity for mastering control skills, which the operator can further transfer to a real situation of train driving, i.e. to a real failure situations, where due skill and specific operations are built up to meet the train situation. The results of the formative experiment to refresh and strengthen psychophysiological qualities proved that stabilographic simulator training increases the effectiveness of operator's voluntary control of movements by stabilizing the center of feet pressure in the sagittal and frontal body bending, and hence his functional state as a whole.
The studies revealed certain specific differences in voluntary movement control to achieve the stability of the feet pressure center in the sagittal and frontal body bending. These differences were found to be specific to each stage of driver's professionalization, thus serving the basis for the development of a particular stabilographic simulator technique for each stage of professionalization to improve training effectiveness. Since 2010 the described simulator techniques have been used to train railway vehicle operators at the Traffic safety training centre of the Institute for Extended Education, FESRU and proved to be good advantage.
Key words: professional training, control actions, refreshment and strengthening of psychophysiological qualities, performance efference, simulator of control actions, stabilographic simulator, voluntary movement control.
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