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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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Dikaya L. G. , Schedrov V. I.

        Larissa Grigorievna Dikaya is Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Leading Research Officer of the Laboratory of Psychology of Labour at the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow).

E-mail: dikaya@psychol.ras.ru

        Viktor Ivanovich Schedrov is Candidate of Science (Psychology), Associate Professor of the Department of General and Social Psychology at Balashov Branch of Chernyshevsky Saratov State University.

E-mail: psychology@bfsgu.ru


In the article the approach to defining the mechanisms and structure of the individual style of self-regulation of the functional state of subject of labor has been outlined. There have been delineated four main psycho-physiological styles of psychical self-regulation based on the ratio of indicators of trophotropic / ergotrophic responses, extraversion / introversion and psychological profile of the individual. It has been substantiated that the imperfection of activation mechanisms and psychodynamic mechanisms and the balance between them form a non-optimal style of self-regulation. The structure of psychical variability of personality predetermines, to a certain extent, compensates or enhances the shortcomings of individual style of self-regulation of the functional state. The most adaptive and stress-resistant are those subjects whose energy costs either correspond to their energy resources or may be quickly replenished both by means of innate properties and in case the subject is aware of a variety of ways and methods of self-regulation, which might help them to quickly and effectively recover their resources.

        Key words: functional state, psychophysiological self-regulation, individual style, action and state orientation, ergotropic and trophotropic responses, extraversion/introversion, psychical variability of personality.


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