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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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WOMEN'S SHARE OF LABOUR FORCE ON THE FAR EASTERN RAILWAY IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XXTH AND THE BEGINNING OF THE XXIST CENTURIES: HISTORY OF SOCIAL CHANGES
Ezhelya U. V.



        Ulyana Vasilievna Ezhelya is Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor of Department of Theory and History of State and Law at Far Eastern State Transportation University.

E-mail: siavassa@yandex.ru


Annotation

The author reflects upon various aspects of women's employment in the railway transport industry in the Far East. Female labour in the railway sector is not a typical phenomenon in European countries, but in Russia it is, presumably, historically justified. The author examines the scale and range of women's involvement in industrial and social activities of the Far Eastern Railway, as well as dwells on the reasons for exploiting female labour in harmful and dangerous conditions and its possible consequences. There has been certain dynamics in terms of changes instituted in the sphere of women's labour organization in the recent decades. In order to present a more comprehensive picture of women's labour under modern economic conditions the author has collected statistical data on organization and standarts of women's labour on railways of Western Europe and North America.

The research is based on the archive documents; most of the given documents have never been published or subjected to research before. Legislative documents (regulations, government decrees) concerning women's health and occupational safety have also been drawn up.

        Key words: women's labour, railway, transport, railway, enterprise, front-rank workers, working jobs, occupational safety, working conditions, labour competition, social policy.


 
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