REFORM OF ELECTORAL SYSTEMS: CONSTITUTIONAL DIALOGU
Filyanina I. M.
Irina Mikhailovna Filyanina is Candidate of Social Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Civil, Business and Transport Law at Far Eastern State Transportation University.
The author addresses the issue of the reform of electoral systems viewed from the premise of the inextricable link existing between an electoral system and the foundations of constitutional structure. The author examines the possibility of introducing certain legal institutions characteristic of foreign legislature into Russian legal system. Electoral systems are viewed qua mechanism capable of implementing public representatives. Merits and demerits of proportional electoral systems are analyzed since it is precisely this variety that facilitates forming the Lower House of the Russian Parliament - that is, the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. It is claimed that the implementation of proportional electoral system at early stages of democracy leads to instability of party system whilst a majoritarian electoral system is capable of maintaining stable and steady connection between voters and candidates. The author offers certain recommendations re perfecting and improvement of constitutional and legal regulation of electoral system when electing deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly. The author offers an analysis of peculiarities which characterized the elections held for the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsk Krai of the fourth and fifth convocation.