ASPECTS OF CRIMINOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMES IN THE SPHERE OF CURRENCY TURNOVER
Vassilieva O. N.
Oksana Nikolaevna Vassilieva is Candidate of Science (Law), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Department of Civil Law at Moscow State University of Engineering and Computer Sciences.
In article is considered criminological characteristic of crimes in the sphere of the turnover of currency values.
It is noted that crimes connected with illicit trafficking of currency values, are among socially dangerous acts having negative effect not only to stability of economic activity of the state, but also cause an essential damage to economic safety of Russia. Their character feature is high level of latence. Objective and subjective factors latence are disclosed influencing on reasons of latence, on reasons and conditions of spreading of criminality in the sphere of a turnover of currency values.
Made an inference that criminality in the sphere of a turnover of currency values depends not only on the social reasons and conditions, but also it self generates new offenses, that is there is a process of its self-determination which has four forms of manifestation. First form: the committed and unsolved crime connected with illicit trafficking of currency values, quite often generates another, including similar illegal act. The second form is expressed that commission of other adjacent crimes involves commission of the crimes encroaching on a turnover of currency values. The third form is connected with organized criminality which left on new qualitative level. In most cases organized groups independently supervise activity of subjects of economy and are one of the major factors, making negative impact on a criminal situation in the sphere of a turnover of currency values. The fourth form is shown, in particular, through population psychology. Due to the high latence of all-criminal crime in whole and studied crimes there is a special psychological condition of admissibility, solving of criminal acts.
This article contains data concerning to structure and dynamics of crime in the sphere of a turnover of currency values. The characteristic of the identity of the criminal is disclosed committing illegal acts in the sphere of a turnover of currency values.
Key words: a turnover of currency values, criminological characteristic of crimes, identity of the criminal, reasons and conditions of commission of the crimes.