Dmitriy Afanasjevich Turchin is Doctor of Science (Law), Professor, Professor of the Chair of Public Justice, Procuracy Supervision and Criminalistics, Law School at Far Eastern Federal University, Honored Jurist of Russia and Honored Educator of the Russian Federation Higher Education.
Vasiliy Vasilievich Yarovenko is Doctor of Science (Law), Professor, Head of Department of Public Justice, Procuracy Supervision and Criminalistics, Law School at Far Eastern Federal University, Honored Jurist of Russia and Honored Educator of the Russian Federation Higher Education.
In the article on the basis of the analysis of legislation and theoretical problems of due diligence it has been found that due diligence is often not the Commission of experts, as required by art. 201 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and one expert who has training in different branches of knowledge or of homogeneous production entitled examinations. Important for due diligence is the decision of the experts, on the basis of previous research, the joint solution of one or more issues. If this does not happen, the study, consisting of a set of several findings of experts from different branches of knowledge, is a comprehensive study. An example of an integrated examination of the integration of knowledge of several experts is the psychological and psychiatric.
The article expresses the authors' position in relation to the medical-forensic examinations, which, according to the instructions of its production, are called the comprehensive examination. At present, taking into account the actions of the Church. 201 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, art. 23 FZ State forensic activities in the Russian Federation, as well as the existing practice of medical forensic examination belongs to a class of forensic research material by experts-physicians who have received relevant specialization in Criminology. This assessment is an example of a comprehensive study of one object one expert with knowledge in forensic medicine and criminalistics, which corresponds to the position of the plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation: "If an expert has sufficient knowledge to conduct complex research, he has the right to give a conclusion re the questions analyzed".
Key words: criminology, complex expertise, complex examination, integration of knowledge, object of investigation, resolution, experts.