CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODS OF INVESTIGATING CRIMES RELATED TO TECHNOGENIC SOURCES OF INCREASED DANGER
Korma V. D.
Vasiliy Dmitrievich Korma is Doctor of Science (Law), Professor, Professor of Department of Criminology at Kutafin Moscow State Law Academy.
The paper focuses on the necessity of developing criminalistic techniques to investigate crimes, related to technogenic sources of increased danger as a specific group of forensically similar types of crime. This is extremely important for increasing the quality of special techniques, applied to solve crimes of particular sub-groups and types. The author substantiates the necessity and valid possibility to unite the existing special techniques into an integrated block, which is defined as a criminalistic theory on technogenic sources of increased danger. It allowed the author to focus on one field, which combines numerous objects and substances. In case of deliberate or inadvertent crime these objects cause potentially high risks of harmful effects on human life, health and material environment and moral and psychological trauma for the society. To reveal specific criminalistic characteristics of the crimes, related to technogenic sources of increased danger, forensically similar kinds of crime were divided into groups and criminal legal types. In spite of the variety of criminal legal characteristics and classification of crimes, related to technogenic objects, such crimes form a relatively separate class of forensically similar crimes.
Key words: definition and classification of technogenic sources of increased danger, specific criminalistic characteristics of crimes, related to technogenic objects, main typical cases of technogenic crime investigations.