Evgeniy Petrovich Ischenko is Doctor of Science (Law), Professor, Head Department of Criminology at Kutafin Moscow State Law Academy.
Àleksandr Àleksandrovich Morozov is Leading Expert of Criminological Expertise Department of the Regional Division of Russian Federal Drug Control Service (Magadan).
The paper discusses some problems related to studies of biological objects of criminalistic importance. Taking into account legal literature reviews and criminal case studies the authors conclude that the term ‘traces' does not only have a traditional meaning as in ‘traces of human feet', but also stands for other objects of biological nature, which are widely used in producing evidence. The undertaken studies substantiate the necessity of developing criminalistic bioscopy, a distinct criminalistic theory, which combines various human sciences into an integrated system of knowledge. The structure of criminalistic bioscopy is proposed to consist of two sections: a general one and a special one. A general section includes key terminology, data on types and information potential of biological objects, their classification, methods and tools of object detection, fixation, removal and examination. A special section is described as a system of theories of a lower level with specific tasks to summarize knowledge of particular classes, types and sorts of various biological objects.
Key words: forensic biology, biological objects, criminological bioscopy, research, information, evidence, traces.