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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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Filonov S. V.

        Sergey Vladimirovich Filonov – is Candidate of Philosophy, Doctor of Science (History), Professor of the Department of Chinese Studies at the Amur State University, Head of the Chinese Studies Research Centre at AmSU.

E-mail: sfilonov10@rambler.ru


The present article focuses on the general description and analysis of the Taoist Studies in China. Taoism is the organized, indigenous religion of China. Taoism as native Chinese religion came into being toward the end of the Han dynasty. Although Taoism represents a tradition as ancient as any other major religion, the serious study of this tradition in China has been almost entirely a twentieth-century phenomenon. The beginning of serious efforts to understand Taoism in China can be dated to about 1930s, when Xu Di-shan and Fu Qin-jia published their works. Some outstanding Chinese scholars of that period showed interest in Taoism, and many of their studies are still not outdated. Some well-known Chinese scholars had published on Taoism in Hong Kong, Australia and Taiwan. But until 1980s Taoist Studies in China remained the domain of "lone scholars". The situation changed in 1978, and in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century the Taoist Studies in China fast flourished. Present-day China is the world leader on Taoist Studies development.

        Key words: Chinese Studies, Chinese Sinology, Taoism, Taoist Studies in China, Xu Di-shan, Liu Ts'un-yan, Ren Ji-yu, Qing Xi-tai, Fong-Mao Lee, Zhu Yue-li, Zhou Zuo-ming, Liu Yi, Chao-Jan Chang, 中國學, 國學, 道教, 中國道教學研究, 許地山先生, 柳存仁教授, 任繼愈教授, 卿希泰教授, 李豐楙教授, 朱越利教授, 周作明博士, 劉屹博士, 張超然博士.

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