Policy Planning and Coordination Division, Lifelong Learning Policy Bureau,
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
The paper is devoted to the analysis of the basic principles of the contemporary Japanese educational policy and the activity on the part of MEXT within the framework of improving the national educational system. The contents of the Basic Act on Education have been examined. The most significant tendencies of educational policy have been outlined: improvement of school educational capabilities (increasing the staff numbers and improving teachers' qualification and the quality of teachers' training), enhancement of learning contents (revision of curriculum standards and PISA survey), reduction of burden of educational expenses, promoting the development of internationally competitive universities, expansion of employment assistance for young people.
Key words: Japan’s educational policy, reform of educational system, the Basic Act on Education, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).