Khudaiberdina Zainab Zakirovna – Postgraduate Student of Baikal-Amur Institute of Railway Transport (Branch of Far Eastern State Transport University in Tynda).
The author of the article posits that it is of paramount importance that the instructors of technical universities do not neglect the distinctive psychological characteristics of ethnicity typical of the Evenk and Yakut students so that to render them effective pedagogical support at the initial stage of their training.
In many respects the psychology of the majority of first-year students is that of a pupil, who views an institution of higher learning as a direct extension of schooling system. A first-year student inevitably faces a challenge of adaptation, that is - adapting to new goals and greater requirements, to the changes in the relationships with fellow-students and teachers, to the types of educational activity characteristic of higher educational establishments. For representatives of ethnic minorities of the North the problem of adaptation entails not only the necessity to adapt to educational activities of higher educational institution and inherent requirements of the latter, but also to the specific microsociety of university campus life, to society at large (that of the city where the university is located), and, most importantly, ? it presupposes nurturing respect for other nationalities and ethnic groups.
The given process is complex, complicated, and often contradictory, but absolutely essential and indispensable. At their turning point in life students cannot be left alone and isolated: adaptation of a freshman cannot be spontaneous in character; on the contrary, it should be a thorough, systematic, and organized process aimed at developing individual skills and abilities of personality in mutually beneficial collaboration, ? in other words, it should be controlled by a teacher, pedagogical staff and higher educational institution as a whole.
At present it is of utmost importance for a student not only to get education per se, but to continually strive to gain more knowledge, this being a creative mental experience. Therefore one of the most important tasks of all instructors of higher educational institutions is formation of responsibility on the part of a freshman, the alteration of the inner position of a student, which must result in the eventual dialectic transition of the latter to self-education and self-training, and promoting his/her creative abilities. These are indispensable requirements any contemporary training must meet.
The analysis of the existing scientific approaches to defining the essence and structure of the students' adaptation to higher learning and those peculiarities which are typical of the ethnic minorities, allow for a conviction that the process in question is a holistic one.
Key words: Evenk and Yakut students, adaptation, process of adaptation, educational activity, tolerance.