Pichugina Nina Andreevna – Associate Professor of the Department of Socio-Cultural Service and Tourism, Far Eastern State Transport University.
The paper is devoted to the study of the process of gradual activation of international and internal (domestic) tourism in the Khabarovsk Krai and throughout Russia since 1960s; this particular matter has been subject to little investigation so far.
Being an essential part of the society's political system in 1960-1970s, Soviet trade unions and youth organizations ‘copied' the accepted norms and regular laws of progress within the so-called ‘people's state'(or ‘country for all people'), as well as its social, economic, and international policy. Special Committees of the Central Committee of VLKSM (All-Union Leninist Young Communist League) were responsible for the organization of youth tourism and national pastime in general. The major role in the latter was performed by Sputnik Bureau of International Youth Tourism which did everything to promote cooperation between Russian and foreign peers.
In 1958 the Central Committee of ‘VLKSM' issued a decree in relation to organizing tourist exchange programs in alliance with international youth travel organizations. It was precisely at that particular time that the Sputnik Bureau of International Youth Tourism was established. The major direction of cooperation was consolidation of fraternal relationships with young men and women from ‘countries of people's democracy'. Among the top priorities of the Bureau were activities aimed at strengthening youth relationships and promoting ‘internationalism', and active communication with foreign peers through conducting joint events of a political nature.
The functioning of the Khabarovsk branch of Sputnik (established on 28 August, 1966 by a decree of the Khabarovsk regional committee of All-Union Leninist Young Communist League) may serve as a good example of development of the Bureau's activity. The Khabarovsk Regional Committee of ‘VLKSM' continually rendered support and assistance to the Khabarovsk branch of Sputnik.
Specialized travels used to occupy a significant part in the tourist exchange programs per se. One should bear in mind though that the advertising campaign to promote international youth tourism was poorly organized especially among rural inhabitants and workers. Print media, radio and TV were insufficiently employed. The bureau used to select the candidates for tourist trips in question. Sometimes young people would disgrace themselves or discredit the honour and dignity of a Soviet man and a Young Communist League member. A special attention was paid to inter-union (domestic) tours of the Khabarovsk branch of Sputnik. Group tours were sent to such cities as Moscow, Leningrad, Ulyanovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Vladivostok and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.
Thus, in 1960-1970's the activities of the Khabarovsk branch of the Sputnik Bureau were mainly focused on the development of various kinds of youth tourism and exchange programs. Sputnik took into consideration the varied interests of participants and diversity of exchanges, the aspirations of young people to mutual professional and specialized communication and, consequently, used tourist trips to maximize the scope of involvement of different groups of young people in tourist movement.
The Communist Party paid serious and unremitting attention to the issue of tourism. Tourism was a mighty tool for patriotic and international education in the hands of the Young Communist League.
Key words: reciprocity-based, education, girls, achievements, cities, internationalism, Komsomol (Young Communist League) member, the youth, international world, communication, patriotism, travels, development, Soviet tourism, cooperation, countries, young men.