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CHANGING OF MEANING CONCEPTS OF THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE AS THE MECHANISM OF EXPERIENCE OF EXTREME SITUATION
Yanitskiy M. S. , Ivanov M. S. , Utyuganov A. A.



        Yanitskiy Mikhail Sergeevich – Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Social and Psychological Faculty of the Kemerovo State University.

E-mail: dekanspf@kemsu.ru


        Ivanov Mikhail Sergeevich – Сandidate of Psychology, Assistant Professor of Social Psychology and Psychosocial Technologies Department of the Kemerovo State University.


        Utyuganov Alexey Anatolyevich – Сandidate of Psychology, Platoon Commander of Cadets of the Novosibirsk Military Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.


Annotation

The theoretical basis of the study is the dynamics of time locus of meaning as the mechanism of operation of the system of personal meanings. This article is devoted to the characteristic of changes in the level of meaning concepts of the past, present and future in the experience of fighting stress as a model of extreme situation. The subjects of the research were the soldiers of Special Forces in the combat operational zone. They were examined with ‘life concept orientations test' of D.A. Leontiev before and after combat operations as well as ‘the level of neuroticism diagnostic methodology' of L.I. Wasserman. These tests allowed seeing the dynamics of meaning concepts and stress state in the experience of fighting stress as a model of extreme situation. It is shown that opening or closing of the individual time loci of meaning as the mechanisms of adaptation to extreme situations are not equally effective. The obtained data showing closing of time locus of meaning and reducing the overall level of life meanings correspond lower stress disorder and post-stress neurotization and, in general, less experience of stress. In the case of experience of fighting stress as extreme traumatic experience, closing of the time locus of meaning can be a coping mechanism which protects the semantic sphere of sudden painful restructuring that allows the soldiers to experience extreme stress easier and get back to normal life faster.

        Key words: current semantic state, time locus of meaning, extreme situation, fighting stress, coping mechanisms.


 
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