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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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Davydov Y. A. , Andreeva M. A.

        Davydov Yury Anatolyevich – Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Head of Electric Stock Department of the Far Eastern State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).

E-mail: puch@festu.khv.ru

        Andreeva Maria Alexandrovna – Educational Psychologist of Psychological Centre, Post-graduate student of Psychology Department of the Far Eastern State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).

E-mail: a-mariya@mail.ru


The paper examines current approaches to the study of processes of psychological self-regulation as well as the interrelation between self-regulation and efficiency of professional activity. The paper emphasizes the complex nature of managerial activity and the importance of self-regulation capabilities for managers. The author describes the structure of self-regulation and shows how such constructs as coping and emotional intelligence fit into this structure. The article provides a definition of emotional intelligence which is a relatively new construct in the field of general psychology. Distinctive characteristics of professional activity of railway executives and civil service officers are explored and described. The paper presents the results of an empirical study of stylistic differences in self-regulation of behavior demonstrated by the heads of departments of Oktyabrsky District Administration in the Jewish Autonomous Region and enterprise executives of the Far Eastern branch of OJSC Russian Railways. A conclusion is made that there are certain differences in self-regulation styles demonstrated by managers and officers in public institutions and business entities. Compared to railway executives, heads of departments in public institutions demonstrate a higher level of behavioural self-regulation. Railway executives are less likely to choose inefficient coping strategies compared to public service executives. Civil servants are more capable to control over their emotions, sympathize and empathize with people.

        Key words: psychological self-regulation, emotional intelligence, coping behavior, managerial activity.

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