Savchenko, Sergey Nikolaevich – Candidate of Science (History), consultant of the Department for interaction with the Cossacks of the Administration for special programs under the Governor of the Khabarovsk Kray.
This paper is devoted to research of the aid provided by Great Britain, France, the USA and Japan (the Allies of Russia in World War I) in the establishment, formation, armament and activities of anti-Bolshevik organizations and military detachments during the initial period of the Civil war in the Far East - in the spring-summer of 1918. The author gives his major consideration to the allies' organization of aid to the anti-Bolshevik detachments of the Far Eastern atamans - Special Manchurian detachment of the Cossack captain of the trans-Baikal Cossack army G.M. Semenov and Special Ussury Cossack detachment army ataman of the Ussury Cossack army captain I.P. Kalmykov during that period. During the formation of these detachments this aid became one of the most important factors that contributed to their organization, formation and armament. The author emphasizes that military and financial aid from the Allies determined the scale of the armed struggle against the Soviet Power in the region. At the same time the author notes that the Allies were far from being disinterested in their aid to anti-Bolshevik organizations including the Far Eastern atamans.
The author makes a conclusion about the importance of financial and military aid of the allies to the Far Eastern atamans that went a long way towards the formation and activities of the Cossack detachments and the overthrow of the Soviet Power in the Far East in the autumn of 1918.
Key words: Far Eastern atamans (Cossack chieftains), allies of Russia in the World War I, financial and military aid.