Romanova, Viktoria Viktorovna – Doctor of Science (History), Professor of the Department of Political History at the Far Eastern State University of Humanities (Khabarovsk).
Manaeva, Tatiana Gennagievna – Post Graduate Student of the Department of Political History at the Far Eastern State University of Humanities.
The article describes the charitable activity of Russian businessmen, its features and the contribution to public life of the Russian colony in Manchuria in the first half of XX century.
Favorable economic possibilities and an atmosphere of ethnic and religious tolerance created by Russian authorities and the administration of the road attracted enterprising people of the Russian empire. It promoted the fast formation and self-organizing of the Russian ethnic colonies in Harbin. In colonies the traditional communal organizations were created including charitable. Businessmen traditionally played an important role there. They also took an active part in all the city's arrangements. Throughout the first half of the 20th century political conditions and the authorities were changing in Manchuria. Nevertheless, irrespective of conditions the Russian businessmen aspired to conduct an active public life during the history of the Russian diaspora in Harbin.
Key words: Manchuria, Harbin, Russian entrepreneurship, ethnic colony, charity, Harbin Committee for Assistance to Russian Refugees, the Office of the Russian emigrants in Manchuria, Manchukuo.