Mendelev, Natan Grigorievich – Candidate of Science (Sociology), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Legal Disciplines at the Khabarovsk Military Institute, the Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.
The article is devoted to the problem of the organization of local self-government of the indigenous peoples living in the North of the Russian Far East. The institute of self-government is considered to be necessary for solving their socio-cultural problems under the conditions of market relations. Weakening of the state regulation has had a negative influence on the social situation in the regions of the compact residence of indigenous people. As is seen in practice, they have suffered from market reforms most of all. National roots and ethnic culture have been lost, traditional forms of labor have almost disappeared. Personal degradation has been progressive. It is underlined that federal and regional programs of economic and social development of indigenous peoples of the North are declarative and do not have a realization mechanism. A new version of existing laws that regulate the issues concerning the indigenous peoples has even made their situation worse. Analysis of the Russian experience of contractual relations between indigenous people and the state allows the author to emphasize that these relationships should be based on the subsidiary principle. There is an urgent need to reform and adapt the state support mechanism in accordance with the new conditions, to find new priorities and approaches to solving these problems. The perspective of this trend is that the contractual process as an alternative mechanism to budget financing will make it possible to gradually transfer the economy of indigenous people to self-development and self-sufficiency. That would mean transference from a paternalistic policy to a policy of partnership and realization of the subsidiary principle which is the source of preservation and self-development of smaller indigenous peoples of the North of the Far East.
Key words: smaller peoples, the North of the Far East, indigenous smaller peoples of the North of the Far East, socio-cultural problems of indigenous smaller peoples of the North of the Far East, social stratification of national settlements, communal self-government, subsidiary state.