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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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Lyakhov D. A.

        Lyakhov, Denis Alekseevich – Senior Research Officer of the Sector "History of the 17th – beginning of the 20th centuries" of the Khabarovsk Territorial Museum of Regional Studies after N.I. Grodekov.

E-mail: vispacem@list.ru


The paper examines the model of political organization of White Primorie in May 1921 - June 1922. In May 1921 the Administration of the Far East Republic in Primorie was liquidated as the result of a coup. Power was seized by a government headed by the brothers S.D. and N.D. Merkulovs. Based on the analysis of the program documents and legislative acts the paper shows the specific features of the political organization of the state that was being established in the region. The author thinks that under the pressure of the circumstances, the anti-Bolshevik forces had to make certain democratic concessions. This was expressed in the establishment of the Primorie People's Assembly in Vladivostok. The Assembly was allotted considerable powers and was elected through a sufficiently democratic law. This was considerably progressive according to the measures of that time and constituted the major difference of the Primorie governmental establishment from all other anti-Bolshevik. regimes that existed in the territory of Russia during the Civil war. At the same time it turned out that the Merkulovs' government had to take into consideration not only the position of the inner opposition but also the position of the interventionists, who had a substantial military contingent in the territory. Thus, the Japanese Command compelled the beginning of the so-called Khabarovsk march that led to the defeat of the White rebel. Democratic achievements of the regime were smoothed over by the military defeats and considerable economic hardship. Under the conditions of the continuing Civil war the existence of the opposition parliament became unacceptable to the authorities. In May-June 1922, the situation developed in an internal political crisis, which led to the resignation of the Merkulovs government. The defeat of the regime was in many respects determined by the discrepancy between the program guidelines and the real policy of the Primorie power authorities.

        Key words: Civil war in the Far East, political organization, Merkulov regime.

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