Krjukov, Ivan Vladimirovich – Applicant of the Department of National History at the Far Eastern State University of Humanities, Head of the Exhibition Department of Modern History at the Khabarovsk Territorial Museum of Regional Studies after N.I. Grodekov.
The article highlights one of the lesser-known aspects of the history of the Great Patriotic War - the work of the Russian Red Cross Society in the Far East in 1941-1945. The author reveals the main tasks of the organization, which included the training of medical personnel from the civilian population for the army, navy, and rear medical facilities, storage of blood, care of the wounded, etc. The different forms of activity of local people were shown obtaining medical skills through nursing courses, and sanitation squads, and a civilian training program "Ready for sanitary defense" and "Be prepared to sanitary defense", carried out in mass by red - cross societies. The dynamics of the numbers of the Red Cross Society can be traced throughout the period of the Great Patriotic War in certain territories of the Far East. Based on new data from the funds of the regional archives, the author draws conclusions on the extent of the medical - sanitary training of the Far Eastern population through the Russian Red Cross Society, and the role of local party and soviet authorities in the organization of sanitary-defense work. The author analyzes the qualitative indicators of the regional organizations of Russian Red Cross Society and the nature of the problems faced by them during the war, such as the state of logistics, lack of teachers, etc. The author pays special attention to the work of the Far Eastern Russian Red Cross Society during the war against Japan; and he covers the activities of members of sanitary squads to make preventive measures among the civilian population in the immediate rear, as well as in the situation of the front.
Key words: medico-sanitary training, Great Patriotic War, Far East, the Russian Society of the Red Cross, medical reserves, sanitary teams.