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Zabiyako A. A.

        Zabiyako, Anna Anatolievna – Doctor of Science (Philology), Professor, Head of the Department of Literature and World Artistic Culture at the Amur State University.

E-mail: sciencia@yandex.ru


The author touches upon the problem of source study and textual analyses of marginal archival materials in the literary study of Russian Harbin. In particular, the article deals with the specificity of the materials from the archive of the Bureau for Russian Emigrant Affairs in Manchuria (BREM) stored in the State archive of the Khabarovsk Kray. Included are biographical materials of poets and writers, manuscripts of their journalistic articles, and denunciations written by secret agents of the Japanese police office.

BREM was established under the guidance of the pro-Japanese administration of the Manchukuo. Its purpose was, in particular, to track the moods and to control the activities of the Russian population of Manchuria. Rare source-study materials can be found in the so-called "forms". One can obtain information about the writers' lives before their emigration, get precise information about their dates of birth, and learn about their political beliefs.

In the file of Marianne Kolosova, who was a politically active ardent opponent of the Russian fascist party (RFP), all her manuscripts, newspaper articles against K. Rodzaevsky, and denunciations of her activities were gathered. These materials, in their turn, reveal the poetess's religious consciousness and make her image more complete through self-descriptions.

Masonic activities in Harbin under the auspices of the YMCA are also registered in the archive under research. In particular, in one of the denunciations one can read that Aleksey Achair the Masonic meetings, and leads from another denunciation, we learn that it is Achair's disciple Leo Grosse, who denounces him.

BREM forms also contain textual material especially concerning pen-names. For example, from Aleksey Achair's form we have explored, that "Innokenty Buranov", who appears in the Harbin press and addresses messages to Aleksey Achair - is Achair himself.

Thus, in spite of the repressive aims/objectives of BREM, its archive is nowadays one of the most valuable sources for the reconstruction of the realities of the literary process in Russian Harbin.

        Key words: literature of the Far East abroad, archival marginalities, Bureau for Russian Emigrant Affairs in Manchuria, source study, textual analysis.

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