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Buchko N. P.

        Buchko, Nikolay Petrovich – Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor, Head of Educational-Scientific Department at the Khabarovsk Military Institute, the Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.

E-mail: buchko65@mail.ru


This article points to the character of policy reference of anti-Bolshevik officers of in Siberia and in the Far East, as viewed during the Civil War in Russia.

The underground military organizations and army groups occupied a special place in this process with the beginning of the formation of white forces in the East of Russia.

Socialist revolutionary ideas were introduced in the officer environment of the Siberian armies by their colleagues from the National army generated by Komuch (Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly). Pro-socialist revolutionary political position was determined by the party officers based on democratic reforms in the country, the constituent Assembly, the dominance of the land office, and the rejection of dictatorship.

The official Omsk proclaimed the slogan "the army outside of policy" after Admiral A.V. Kolchak came to power. However, these measures did not resolve the existence of different political affiliations of the officers of the army of the Supreme ruler.

In the pro-monarchic environment were supporters of the establishment of a military dictatorship in the Civil war conditions which was considered as an initial stage on the way to restoration of the monarchy in Russia.

The liberal ideas proclaimed by the February revolution, had some influence on the White officers in the region. According to the ideas of Russian liberals a future political system, which would be a symbiosis of a constitutional monarchy and a presidential-parliamentary democracy could be drawn up for the country.

Of particular interest is the question of the availability of among the officers quarters of anti-Bolshevik forces in Eastern Russia, those who later adopted the Communist ideas. Of course, it is unlikely that the officers of the white forces in the region were open proponents of Bolshevism. However, it is known that the Communist views were not alien to part of the officer corps of anti-Bolshevik forces in Siberia and the Far East.

Thus, the political views of anti-Bolshevik officers in the armed forces during the Civil War in Eastern Russia were multisectoral. This reflects the state of Russian society, which went into political rivalry between irreconcilable opponents in a military confrontation, which weakened the country and caused it irreparable harm. All of this, as well as the restoration is essentially a policy of Kolchak, and contributed to the collapse of the anti-Bolshevik political front.

        Key words: officer corps, the armed forms, army, anti-Bolshevik forces and political parties.

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