Borisova, Uliana Semenovna – Doctor of Science (Sociology), Associate Professor of the M.K. Amosov North-Eastern Federal University (Yakutsk).
The problem of ethnic identity of youth has remained a real problem as long as ethnic sociology has existed. In this article some results of sociological research carried out by the author in June 2010 are presented. The author researched 546 Sakha students of M.K. Amosov Yakutsk State University.
The research tools are divided into 3 units aimed at the following issues: detection of ethno cultural identification of respondents, determination of the features of cognitive and affective components of ethnic identity, and the state of international relations in Yakut society.
The author gave special attention to the analysis of the two main theoretical approaches which were formed in ethnic research in the early 1990s - primordialism and constructivism.
Sociological research has revealed that Sakha students possess all indications of developed ethnic consciousness: awareness of their ethnic community, and adherence to their native language, territory and national culture. The most important indicators of ethnic identification are: native language, proximity to traditional culture, appearance and family. In our opinion, the most important factor is the very close structure of ranks of the selected components. This fact allows us to say that ethnic identification occurs in accordance with a certain uniform scheme and that factors that "dilute" this scheme are absent. The overwhelming majority of young people are proud of their national identity. Young Sakha people want to have some possibilities for national self-expression and are predisposed to learn more about their culture, traditions and customs, and other peoples as well. Nevertheless, the inclusiveness of Sakha students in ethnic culture is not high.
In this article the author substantiates the demand for formation of the culture of international dialogue in higher school. These issues demand resolution of the problems of world outlook and behavioral level. The social institute of education possesses huge possibilities that help modern youth to designate their civil identity as citizens of Russia, thus preserving their identification with one or several cultures depending on their origin and place of residence.
Key words: ethno-cultural identification, students’ youth, ethnic identity, sociological research.