PROBLEMS OF COUNTERACTION AGAINST CRIMINAL EXTREMISM IN THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST
Alyokhin E. V.
Alyokhin, Egor Vladimirovich – Post-Graduate Student, Far East Legal Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (Khabarovsk).
The annual growth of extremist crime is one of the specific features characteristic of present day Russia. Counteraction against extremism is one of the means that contribute to the reduction in the number of registered incidents of such crime and that calls forth the topicality of the problem under consideration. The recent situation requires monitoring the population and the staff of the law enforcement agencies of the Russian Far East (the courts, public prosecutor's offices, and internal affairs agencies). The monitoring conducted by the author accompanied by the analysis of criminal cases allowed the author to reveal the shortcomings in the mechanism of activities of the law enforcement agencies in the sphere of counteraction against extremism. It also allowed the author to work out priority measures aimed at improvement of the shortcomings revealed; to reveal the specificity of extremism in the Far Eastern region; and to formulate suggestions for the improvement of the current legislation. Research of public opinion in the Far East allowed us to corroborate the original hypothesis of the latency of extremist criminal acts. We were able to assess the activities of the staff of the law enforcement agencies in the sphere of counteraction against extremism in the Far Eastern region of the Russian Federation. We were also able to assess the degree of willingness among the population of the Far East to render assistance to the law enforcement agencies in the process of investigation of criminal acts of an extremist type and in the detection of such criminal acts. On the basis of the research conducted the author draws the conclusion that counteraction against extremism in the Far Eastern region of the Russian Federation should be accomplished in two directions: organizational and legislative. In the former case the counteraction measures must be directed to the proper organization of regular cooperation of the parties involved; in the latter case these measures must be directed towards the improvement of the legislation in force.
Key words: extremism, monitoring, extremist community, counteraction, law enforcement agencies.