ACTIVITIES OF THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY IN THE FAR EAST DURING THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR (1904-1905)
Chesnokov I. V.
Chesnokov, Ivan Vladimirovich – Post-Graduate Student of the Department "Theory and History of State and Law" at the Far East State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).
The paper gives a brief overview of the reasons for the establishment of a Governor-general administration as a special institution of government in the Far Eastern region of the Russian Empire. The paper contains the text of the Decree of the Emperor Nicholas II dated July 30, 1903 which defined the authority of the Governor-General. The telegram of V.K. Pleve, the Minister of Internal Affairs, explained that the Governor-general in the Far East possessed the same rights as the Governor-general in the Caucasus. Study of the authority of the Governor-general in different spheres leads to the conclusion that he personified the supreme power in administering all civil and border affairs in the territory of his jurisdiction. The Governor-general reported directly to the Emperor, and was assigned to the post and dismissed by the Emperor. Documents testify to the fact that the Governor-general made a considerable effort to work out the Regulations of Administration of the territories of the Far East. To elaborate these Regulations he appointed a special commission that consisted of military and civil departments.
Special attention is paid to the activities of the Governor-general during the Russo-Japanese War; the author cites response acts, and analyses the efficiency of the decisions adopted and their impact on the course of events in the theatre of war operations. The author comes to the conclusion that despite the Governor-general's timely response to the situation, he was not all-powerful, as the correlation of the military-economic potentials of Russia and Japan in the Far East was in favor of Japan. Underdevelopment of transportation communications prevented the redeployment of the required number of troops to the Far East at the proper time. The technical backwardness of the Russian Fleet was the major reason for the shattering defeat of Russia in the Tsushima naval battle.
Key words: governor-general, legal status, authorities, Russo-Japanese war, Far Eastern region ruled by governor-general, executive power.