THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNING SENATE OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AS THE SUPREME JUDICIAL BODY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEGAL REGULATION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS IN LATE 19TH - EARLY 20TH CENTURY
Sazankova O. V.
Sazankova, Oksana Valerievna – Associate Professor of the Department "Theory and History of Law and State" at the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Justice.
The paper shows the evolution of the governing Senate of the Russian Empire as the supreme body of the state. As a result of its development the Senate transformed from a body of combined authority into a body with primary judicial functions. The author conducts comparative analysis of the specific features of judicial practices before the reform and the practices that took shape after the judicial reform of the mid 19th century. The paper also considers the foundations for the legislative authorities of the Governing Senate.
The work substantiates the need for supplementation of the laws in force that emerged in the mid 19th - early 20th centuries. This resulted in the situation that the Governing Senate began to play a significant role in the development of legal regulation of public relations of the Russian state. Through its cassation decisions, the Senate served as an interpreter and developer of legislative norms.
The author has studied the influence of the Senate on the institutions of Russian law in the sphere of substantive civil law, civil procedural law and criminal law and analyzed the content of the norms formulated by the Governing Senate of the Russian Empire.
Key words: Senate, judicial reform, interpretation of law, legislative activity.