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SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE LEGAL STATUS OF FOREIGNERS IN RUSSIA IN THE 19TH - BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURIES
Morozov S. A.



        Morozov, Sergey Aleksandrovich – Post Graduate Student of the Department "Theory and History of State and Law", Far East State Transportation University (Khabarovsk).


Annotation

The paper shows the specific features of the legal status of foreigners living in the territory of the Russian Empire in the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries. The choice of the chronological framework of the research was determined by the fact that reforms of the 1860s led to the expansion of international legal cooperation between the Russian Empire and other countries. It was during this period that the legal status of foreigners in Russia was upgraded. The paper reveals the common features of the legal state of all foreigners in the territory of Russia and emphasizes the basic principles of the control statues for foreigners. The author brings to light sources of law that regulated the position of foreigners in Russia. Foreigners who took civil service in the positions allowed for foreign citizens enjoyed all the advantages of their positions but were not promoted in the ranks. To be promoted in the ranks, the foreigners had to take out Russian citizenship. Foreigners who took governmental service were accepted if they obtained the right to the class rank when graduating from universities or other educational institutions. The author pays special attention to the special status of foreigners in different spheres of entrepreneurial activities and considers the order of hiring foreign workers in mining and other enterprises of the Far East. The list of restrictions for foreigners in the Far East was extended by comparison with other regions of Russia. The author comes to the conclusion that the state of foreigners in the Russian Empire did not differ much from the position of Russian subjects although there existed certain restrictions on being involved in certain types of jobs. The list of restrictions for foreigners in the Russian Far East was extended on the grounds of security.

        


 
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