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Social Sciences and Humanities in the Far East

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TWO TENDENCIES IN UNDERSTANDING THE GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIAN SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT*
Potapchuk V. I. , Potapchuk E. Y.



        Potapchuk, Vladimir Iosifovich – Candidate of Science (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, Pacific State University(Khabarovsk).



        Potapchuk, Elena Yurievna – Candidate of Science (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Cultural Studies, Pacific State University (Khabarovsk).

E-mail: epotapchuk@mail.ru


Annotation

The paper presents analysis of two approaches to understanding of the essence of the government that formed in Russian social philosophy of the 19th-20th centuries. Nihilistic solution to this problem is connected with the critic of the state or with substitution of the idea of state with the idea of social ideal. Conservative-protective position considers state to be the highest form of community of people and suggests to take no radical measures to its revision.

        Key words: Russian philosophy, social philosophy, state, nihilism and conservatism, anarchism, Slavophile, liberalism, modernization.


 
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