Gotnoga, Aleksandr Vasilievich – Candidate of Science (Philosophy), Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Socio-political Disciplines, Amur Humanitarian-Pedagogical State University (Komsomolsk-on-Amur).
The paper provides analysis of modern approaches towards prognostication of the historical process and shows their common ontological and methodological foundations. These foundations are characterized as metaphysical. The paper shows that metaphysical way of thinking decreases the prognostication potential of social research dramatically.
Key words: prognostication, temporal approach, principle of physical temporality, formal-logical approach, axis of disunity principle, metaphysical approach, dialectical approach.