CONCEPTIONS OF REGIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD AS THE GEOPOLITICS OF THE END OF THE 20TH AND BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURIES (TRANSLATED BY TAGIROVA T.N.)
Lanko D. A.
Lanko, Dmitry Aleksandrovich – Candidate of Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of European Studies, School of International Relations, Saint Petersburg State University.
International relations remain unpredictable and this unpredictability causes concern for political leaders and the intellectual elite. Development of conceptions of the system of international relations helps to overcome this concern. One of such conceptions is the idea of a system of international relations consisting of regions. These conceptions vary depending on the elite that share these ideas. They also change within the frameworks of elites in the course of time owing to which some regions disappear and some other regions emerge. These conceptions simultaneously influence the process of making foreign-policy decisions. The paper shows that the role these conceptions play in the decision making process is similar to the role of geopolitical conceptions in the beginning of the 20th century.
Key words: geopolitics, region, geographic proximity, foreign policy, theory of international relations, globalization, political leaders, intellectual elites.