Anikhovskiy, Stanislav Eduardovich – Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Faculty of Regional Studies at the Amur State University (Blagoveshchensk).
Li Xing – Candidate of Philosophy, Assistant lecturer of the Faculty of Sinology at the Amur State University (Blagoveshchensk).
The authors deal with the process of formation and development of Islam in China during the rule of Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) and Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Analysis of Chinese, West European and Russian research literature allowed the authors to conclude that Islam took root, adapted to social, political and economic structure of the Chinese state and became a part of Chinese culture in the 13th-17th centuries. Close contacts between Moslems and Chinese determined the ethno-cultural and confessional specificity of Chinese Islam.
Key words: China, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Chinese religions, Islam, Moslems, Hui (Huizu), religious interaction.