Rivlina, Alexandra Abramovna – Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Department of English Language, Faculty of Management, State University – Higher School of Economics (Moscow)
The article deals with the tendency for borrowings to restore and expand the weakened ties with the original units in the source language both in their form and, especially, in their semantics. The growing exposure to global English also causes the extension of the meaning of some international lexis to approximate their English language equivalents. These phenomena are defined as "restoration" and "leveling" of borrowings and are treated as a specific type of calquing, induced by globalization and internationalization.
Key words: globalization of the English language, internationalization of languages, borrowings / loanwords, semantic development, semantic borrowings / semantic calques / loan translations.