In 1891 the construction of the Great Siberian Railway began. In 1896 the general direction of the Trans-Siberian Railway mainline was changed, and its eastern section crossed into the territory of China. Thus, the planned construction of the Amur Railway was postponed for an indefinite term. Refusal to lay the mainline across Russian territory caused long discussions. Only in 1908, exactly a hundred years ago, was the question of the construction of the final part of the Trans-Siberian Railway finally resolved.