In 1903, before the Russo-Japanese War, Far-Eastern policy was intensively discussed amongst the ruling elite of the Russian empire. As a result of courtly intrigues, the supporters of hawkish foreign policy had a dominating influence on the Tsar. In fact, they monopolized the execution of the foreign policy in the region. The positions of the moderate faction of St. Petersburg’s elite, who had been advocating peaceful settlement with Japan, became essentially weakened. In addition to other significant international factors, which played a very important role in the escalation of tensions in the Far East; these circumstances finally led to the military conflict with Japan, which ended up with the defeat of tsarist Russia. Therefore, the
Russo-Japanese war had visually demonstrated the week points of oligarchic political decision making in autocratic Russia.