Eurasianism (Russ. Evrazijstvo) is one of the brightest and presently most influential trends of social and economical thought of the Russian emigration. The interest for the Eurasianist idea is connected with political, cultural and geopolitical problems of Russia's civilization self-identification. Nowadays some Russian politic scientists are trying to develop Eurasianist political ideas in the modern context, while politicians are using them in their public addresses. All this is leading to the idea of a new Eurasian project. Hence the comprehensive study of the ideas belonging to the representatives of the Eurasianist movement is required. This work is an attempt of the analysis of the Eurasianism as a phenomenon of Russian political culture based upon the achievements of modern Political Science.